1 ) What is copyright and who can an author be?

Copyright is the right of an author in relation to its’ authorial work. Authors from the fields of literature, scientific and artistic work and the copyright owner have an exclusive right to use their works. The copyright owner may give permission or prohibit the use of the work. As a copyright owner, you have an exclusive right to decide whether and how the copyright is used, which may be done by way of an agreement and the way the work will be used is regulated with this agreement. This can be concluded with both private and legal persons.
In contrast to the economic rights, moral rights are not transferrable, which means that the author of the work is to be identified as the author of the work at all times. Copyright protects the expression of an idea regardless of the type or quality of that expression.  As long as the work is created, it qualifies for copyright protection, and unlike other forms of intellectual property, does not require any administrative or registration procedures.

An author may be a private person that created the work. These authors, in particular, may be:

  • authors of written work of any kind, literary writers, journalists, authors of scientific work and computer programs, translations, adaptations.
  • author of speeches
  • authors of dramatic works and musicals, choreography
  • authors of cinematographic works, and other audio-visual works
  • authors of artistic works, architectural works, graphics, authors of applied arts and industrial design, photographs and cartographic works
  • authors of technical presentations or of technical nature, innovations or advancement, drawings, drafts, tables etc. authors of computer programs
2) What is industrial property?

Industrial property includes a spectrum of rights used by entrepreneurs to protect their business interests, position on the market, invested resources in research, development and promotion.

CCA – IPC advises and gives assistance in a trade mark protection, a patent protection, a protection of an industrial design, geographical indications and appellations of origins as well as topographies of semiconductor products.

Alongside registration procedure and maintenance of each intellectual property right, we also provide services which include the following:

  • Planning and management of intellectual property portfolio
  • Protecting of rights and prevention of infringement
  • Participate at negotiations and draft agreements relevant to each segment of the law (licence, assignment etc.)
3) What are related rights and who can be related rights owner?

An actor/actress, a singer, a musician, a dancer, a director, a conductor – the are all owners of related rights.
We are proud of our wide array of national and international artists and success accomplished through their representation. Related rights include:

  • Rights of performers
  • Rights of film producers
  • Rights of broadcasting organisations
  • Rights of publishers in their editions
  • Rights of producers of phonograms
  • Rights of producers of databases
4) What are economic rights of an author?

The author has an exclusive right over its copyright and is available to use it as the author sees it fit, these economic rights include:

  • Right of reproduction
  • Right of distribution
  • Right to issue the work to the public
  • Right of adaptation
5) What are Moral Rights of an author?

The author must be identified and recognised as the creator/the author. Any person who uses the copyright must state the name or pseudonym of the author, except in cases when the author explicitly relinquished this right, which must be in a written form.  The author has the right to first publish and determine whether and under what terms and conditions this work will be published. The author has the right to object which means that the author can object to the use of the author’s work (with compensation of damages to the user), if further use would be prejudicial to the author’s honour or reputation.

6) How and where can I protect my copyright?

According to the Copyright and Related Rights Act, an original work once created is automatically protected by copyright. However, to ensure further evidence of copyright, you can simply archive the work at our agency, the author and/or the copyright owner will be issued the Archive Certificate that will include the author’s personal details, description of the work and our internal archive code.

7) How can I protect my idea?

Copyright does not protect an idea one may have for work; copyright applies to an expression of that idea.

8) What can I archive?

Any work from the fields of science, literature and art as well as other intellectual creations can be archived.

9) Can I copyright a review?

Yes. Review is a written work and thus an intellectual creation.

10) Can I copyright proofreading?

No, proofreading cannot be considered a copyright as examination of a text and correction of errors is not an original creation. This applies only to profession or expertise.

11) Can I copyright a translation?

Translation of the copyright work, adaptations, musical and other copyright adaptations that are original creations are protected by the Copyright and Related Rights Acts and are considered individual copyright work.

12) Can I copyright a database?

Yes, according to the Copyright and Related Rights Act, collections that are arranged in a specific system or method enjoy the protection. Database is a collection of independent works, details or other materials, in any form, arranged according to a specific system or method, individually available electronically or by other means. The database creator can be a private or a legal person, who invests its assets in creation of a database. The subject matter of protection is unoriginal database where assets and endeavour in database creation is protected.

13) Can I copyright computer programs?

Yes, computer programs are protected as by law as these are mode of expression that are original and represent intellectual creation. These can also be archived at our agency.

14) Can I copyright lectures?

Yes, if they are original, expressed through speech or representations and are of scientific or technical nature. Lectures that are part of a regular curriculum (schools, universities) are considered part of a profession and not subject to copyright.

15) Who are co-authors?

Co-authors are person who jointly created single work protected by copyright and the contribution of each other is not distinct from that of the other. These are generally joint authors of copyright and each person would be the author of the part they created depending on individual contributions.

16) What are “droit de suit” or Resale Rights?

This is the right of an artist to receive royalties on their work when these are resold such as. paintings, drawings, lithography, sculptures, ceramics, photograph etc.  These rights give the artist ability to control the resale of the work and the artist participates in the economic right during each resale.

We also manage the business of the Croatian Association for protection of artists’ rights “ARS CROATICA” that specialises in “droit de suit” or Resale Rights.

17) How can obtain the right to use other people’s copyright?

You may wish to make use of someone else’s copyright protected works where you will require permission of the author or the copyright owner. Should you wish to obtain permission, feel free to contact us and we will obtain such permission for you, negotiate and draft a copyright agreement, whether or not the author is domestic/national or international.

18) What type of agreements does the Agency do?

As we specialise in Copyright and Related Rights, we do have a long-term tradition as well as experience; therefore, we draft all types of copyright agreements such as:   publishing contracts, contracts for works of art and works of applied art, photography, design, software, reviews, translations, lectures, scientific works, performing contracts, contracts for broadcasting etc.

19) Do I need to be a member of some association of authors to request your services? Is there a members' fee?

No, you do not have to be a member of any association, we represent all authors who use their works and do not charge a members' fee. We charge commission to the user of your work which is also calculated on top of your gross royalties.

20) Do I have to pay income tax and surtax on royalties?

The law provides allowances on Copyright Agreements thus the tax base is reduced by 30%. On this tax base one must calcuate 25% of income tax and surtax (which depends on the place of residence). Health and pension insurance is not charged on royalties.


  • Croatian Copyright Agency -
    Intellectual Property Centre Ltd
  • ID No. 93451064376
  • Registered at Ribnjak 40,
  • 10 000 Zagreb
  • Tel.: +385 1 4828 060
  • Fax.: +385 1 4921 195
  • Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

How to reach us